The easiest way to move around the canvas is with the pan tool. This will enable you to pan without accidentally clicking on objects.
You can find Canvas controls in the bottom bar. From left to right, these feature the following tools: selection, pan, commenting. On the far right we feature a zoom menu. Clicking this shows you a bunch of shortcuts, like zooming to your current selection, or to a specific percentage.
If you are using a mouse, you can select the Pan tool or hold the Space key when clicking and dragging to pan around the Canvas. If you are using a trackpad, you can simple click and drag to pan around the canvas and scroll in any direction with two fingers.
The default zoom level in Framer is 100%. You can customize this view by selecting the zoom percentage dropdown in the Canvas bar. This will allow you to zoom in or out depending on your preference. You can also achieve this with keyboard shortcuts. ⌘ CMD + to zoom in and ⌘ CMD - to zoom out. On a Windows computer, you can zoom in with CTRL + and zoom out with CTRL -. With this option, the zoom increment doubles each time.
On a trackpad, you could also pinch or stretch two fingers to zoom in or out. With a mouse, you could press and hold ⌘ Command (Mac) or Ctrl (Windows) and scroll.